UH-60 Black Hawk
The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk is a four-blade, twin-engine, medium-lift utility military helicopter manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft. Sikorsky submitted the S-70 design for the United States Army's Utility Tactical Transport Aircraft System (UTTAS) competition in 1972. The Army designated the prototype as the YUH-60A and selected the Black Hawk as the winner of the program in 1976, after a fly-off competition with the Boeing Vertol YUH-61.
Named after the Native American war leader Black Hawk, the UH-60A entered service with the U.S. Army in 1979, to replace the Bell UH-1 Iroquois as the Army's tactical transport helicopter. This was followed by the fielding of electronic warfare and special operations variants of the Black Hawk. Improved UH-60L and UH-60M utility variants have also been developed. Modified versions have also been developed for the U.S. Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard. In addition to U.S. Army use, the UH-60 family has been exported to several nations. Black Hawks have served in combat during conflicts in Grenada, Panama, Iraq, Somalia, the Balkans, Afghanistan, and other areas in the Middle East.
UH-60 Black Hawk CHARACTERISTICS
Crew: 2 pilots + 2 crew chiefs/gunners
Capacity: 3,190 lb (1,450 kg) of cargo internally, including 11 troops or 6 stretchers, or 9,000 lb (4,100 kg) of cargo externally
Length: 64 ft 10 in (19.76 m) including rotors
Fuselage length: 50 ft 1 in (15.27 m)
Width: 7 ft 9 in (2.36 m)
Height: 16 ft 10 in (5.13 m)
Empty weight: 12,511 lb (5,675 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 22,000 lb (9,979 kg)
Powerplant: 2 × General Electric T700-GE-701C/D turboshaft engines, 1,890 shp (1,410 kW) each
Main rotor diameter: 53 ft 8 in (16.36 m)
Main rotor area: 2,260 sq ft (210 m2)
Blade section: root: Sikorsky SC2110; tip: Sikorsky SSC-A09
Maximum speed: 159 kn (183 mph, 294 km/h)
Cruise speed: 152 kn (175 mph, 282 km/h)
Never exceed speed: 193 kn (222 mph, 357 km/h)
Combat range: 320 nmi (370 mi, 590 km)
Ferry range: 1,199 nmi (1,380 mi, 2,221 km) with ESSS stub wings and external tanks
Service ceiling: 19,000 ft (5,800 m)
Rate of climb: 1,646 ft/min (8.36 m/s)
Disk loading: 7.19 lb/sq ft (35.1 kg/m2)
Power/mass: 0.192 shp/lb (0.316 kW/kg)
2 × 7.62 mm (0.30 in) M240 machine guns
2 × 7.62 mm (0.30 in) M134 minigun or
2 × 12.7 mm (0.50 in) GAU-19 gatling guns
Hardpoints: 4, 2 per ESSS stub wings , with provisions to carry combinations of:
Rockets: 70 mm (2.75 in) Hydra 70 unguided rockets in either a 7 tube (M260) or 19 tube (M261) pod.
Missiles: Up to 4x AGM-114 Hellfire laser guided air-to-ground missiles or 2x AIM-92 Stinger heat seeking air-to-air missiles per hardpoint. The Hellfire launcher rails can also be equipped with M260 (7 tube) Hydra pods.
Other: 7.62 mm (0.30 in), 12.7 mm (0.50 in), 20 mm (0.787 in), or 30 mm (1.18 in) M230 gun pods
Bombs: Can be equipped with VOLCANO minefield dispersal system. See UH-60 Armament Subsystems for more information.
The UH-60 features four-blade main and tail rotors.